Largest Foreign Holders of US Debt



The most recent foreign debt ownership numbers available from the Treasury Department:

Last updated: December 15th, 2018

CountryHoldingsMonth Over MonthChange YoY

China, Mainland$1151.4 Billion-1.18%-2.61%
Japan$1028.0 Billion-0.18%-6.2%
All Other$549.3 Billion-4.24%-18.37%
Brazil$317.0 Billion-0.25%+16.2%
Ireland$290.4 Billion-8.04%-6.5%
United Kingdom$276.3 Billion+1.36%+16.39%
Luxembourg$227.2 Billion+1.38%+6.22%
Switzerland$226.9 Billion-2.2%-10.42%
Cayman Islands$199.4 Billion+0.76%-19.24%
Hong Kong$192.3 Billion-0.47%-1.08%
Saudi Arabia$176.1 Billion+3.89%+28.82%
Taiwan$166.4 Billion+1.96%-9.52%
Belgium$164.7 Billion+6.74%+57.16%
India$144.0 Billion+2.42%-0.76%
Singapore$134.5 Billion+3.46%+7.43%
Korea$110.8 Billion+0.54%+17.5%
France$97.7 Billion-17.48%+24.94%
Canada$94.0 Billion-2.29%+25.33%
Germany$68.3 Billion-6.82%-8.81%
Thailand$66.1 Billion+4.42%-6.64%
Bermuda$64.1 Billion-1.69%+2.72%
Norway$63.6 Billion-4.65%-0.78%
United Arab Emirates$60.0 Billion+1.69%+10.5%
Sweden$44.6 Billion0%-2.83%
Kuwait$43.8 Billion+0.46%+15.26%
Netherlands$43.0 Billion-0.92%-9.47%
Poland$40.1 Billion+0.5%+7.51%
Italy$39.6 Billion+6.17%+12.18%
Mexico$39.2 Billion-3.21%-3.21%
Spain$37.2 Billion-0.8%-2.36%
Australia$36.8 Billion-4.17%-0.27%
Israel$31.1 Billion+2.3%-4.31%


Notes:

United Kingdom Includes Channel Islands and Isle of Man.

Oil exporters include Ecuador, Venezuela, Indonesia, Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Gabon, Libya, and Nigeria.

Caribbean Banking Centers include Bahamas, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Netherlands Antilles and Panama.


Source: Treasury.gov - Major Foreign Holders of Treasury Securities